An understanding of rainfall, evapotranspiration, runoff, groundwater recharge, groundwater storage, and groundwater movement is essential for those involved in the science, engineering or management of the water environment. This course provides a conceptual and quantitative understanding of hydrology and the basic principles of hydraulics as a basis for later applied studies of water quality, water engineering, and water management.
Who should attend?
This training course is suitable for those who work in the planning, implementation and management of sustainable water supply and sanitation projects with rural and urban communities in low and middle-income countries.
On successful completion of this course, you will be able to:
Understand the basic hydraulic principles of static and moving water,
Measure point and estimate areal rainfall,
Estimate potential evapotranspiration from weather data and understand the relationship between actual and potential evapotranspiration,
Differentiate between various runoff processes and identify the conditions under which each are important,
Choose the appropriate flow measurement technique for different types of watercourses,
Calculate the discharge of a watercourse by the velocity area method and by use of weirs and flumes,
Construct a rating curve for a watercourse,
Describe and conceptualize the occurrence and movement of groundwater,
Apply Darcy’s Law to simple groundwater flow problems,
Design and carry out groundwater pumping tests, and analyse the resulting data,
Explain the mechanisms of groundwater recharge in different climatic environments
Module 1: Introduction
The hydrological cycle and the influence of man,
Basics of hydraulics: SI Units, properties of fluids, basic mechanics,
Hydrostatics: Pressure, pressure measurement, pressure and forces on submerged surfaces,
Module 2: Fluid Motion and Precipitation
Fluids in motion:
Types of flow.
Continuity, energy and momentum equations and their applications.
Behaviour of a real fluid
Measurement of precipitation amount and intensity,
Interception and depression storage.
Evapotranspiration, Penman approach, actual evapotranspiration.
Runoff processes; overland flow, interflow, base flow,
Module 3: Velocity and Aquifer
Runoff measurement; velocity area methods.
Structures; hydraulic principles of weirs and flumes.
Stage measurement. Rating curves and other methods,
Groundwater occurrence: porosity, permeability, water holding formations, aquifers, aquicludes, aquifer types, aquifer boundaries, springs and streams in relation to groundwater,
Module 4: Aquifer Properties and Ground water
Significance and typical magnitudes of these properties
Groundwater movement: flow lines and equipotentials, natural flow, recharge, flow to wells, drawdown, cone of influence, radius of influence, interference,
Module 5: Principles of pumping Ground Water
Pumping tests: aquifer and well tests, conduct, measurement of variables, precautions,
Pumping test analysis:
Theis and Jacob approaches, well efficiency
Dupuit-Forchheimer and Theis assumptions, deviations from these, and alternative methods
Groundwater recharge: processes, main methods of estimation.
Participants should be reasonably proficient in English. Applicants must live up to Indepth Research Services (IRES) admission criteria.
The instructor led trainings are delivered using a blended learning approach and comprises of presentations, guided sessions of practical exercise, web based tutorials and group work. Our facilitators are seasoned industry experts with years of experience, working as professional and trainers in these fields.
All facilitation and course materials will be offered in English. The participants should be reasonably proficient in English.
Upon successful completion of this training, participants will be issued with an Indepth Research Services (IRES) certificate certified by the National Industrial Training Authority (NITA).
The training will be held at IRES Training Centre. The course fee covers the course tuition, training materials, two break refreshments and lunch.
All participants will additionally cater for their, travel expenses, visa application, insurance, and other personal expenses.
ACCOMMODATION AND AIRPORT PICKUP
Accommodation and airport pickup are arranged upon request. For reservations contact the Training Officer.
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